Computer Basics

Glossary of Terms

B - C
bitmap picture 
A type of file format used for pictures. 
Other popular picture formats are   .jpg    .gif    .pcx   .tif
bits Bits are the rudimentary numeric structure of a byte.  There are 8 bits in a byte.  The series is made up of a 0 and 1 arranged in different orders.  For each order there is a corresponding letter, number or symbol.  
At the time of this writing, the IT industry was working on 32 bit technology.  Same idea, more numbers.
browse To navigate the Internet or the contents of your computer.
browser Software you use to explore the World Wide Web, HTML documents, and other information sources. Internet Explorer is the Web browsing software included with Microsoft's family of Windows.
Bug A programming error. Bugs cannot be corrected by a user, it must be handled by the programmer. When a bug is discovered in a program, you must figure out a way to work around the error or report it back to the author. 
Bytes The unit of measure used by computers. In essence one character =1 byte.  It should be noted, a true kilobyte is actually slightly more than 1000 bytes, without looking it up, we think it is 1,056 bytes to a kilobyte.  If anyone can verify that, it would be appreciated.  We suppose multiplying by 1,000 is much easier than multiplying by 1,056.
1,000 bytes
= 1 kb (kilobyte)
1,000,000 bytes
= 1 mb (megabyte)
1,000,000,000 bytes
= 1 gb (gigabyte)


cache A folder that temporarily stores files on your computer.
Compact Disc-Read Only Memory

A high capacity form of storage, also called a compact disc or CD. You must have a CD-ROM drive to use these discs. CD-ROMs don't allow users to store information.

Today's technology offers recordable CD-ROM devices that are readily available at any computer retailer.

channel A Web site that delivers content from the Internet to your computer. Channels automatically copy content from the Internet to your computer when you subscribe to a Web site. See also Channel Bar.
Channel Bar A desktop option that lists the channels available on your computer.
Crash When a computer becomes confused or has run out of memory, it stops working. The general procedure is to re-start the computer. When it starts again, the information that had caused the problems is generally wiped out.  More
Classic style A desktop display option that resembles the original Windows 95/98 desktop.
client A computer that connects to another, central computer called a server. A client computer uses files, printers, and other resources shared by the server. 
clipboard The clipboard is the term used to describe the virtual location where items (such as words or pictures) have been copied or cut from documents.  Any time you use the cut or copy feature,  the information is temporarily placed in the clipboard. 

It should be noted that the contents of the clipboard are emptied when you turn off your computer and the RAM (temporary) memory is restored.

content provider A business that uses the Internet to supply you with information such as news, weather, business reports, entertainment and in this case, us.
Control Panel A group of tools you use to change hardware and software settings in your computer.  For a description of the Control Panel programs, choose > More.
Conventions Method of operating a computer.  You can use pointing devices, such as a "Mouse" or the keyboard.
Cursor A flashing vertical bar ( | ) indicating your location in a document.  When you type, the letter will appear directly behind the cursor.   ( e| )
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